Poliomyelitis is a viral disease which is presently controlled throughout the world by massive vaccination programs. The global incidence of this disease is dropping significantly and WHO hoped to declare the planet free of polio by the year 2005.
Things you may be wondering about
Mode of Infection
Clinical diagnosis is essential in this condition though it may be possible to isolate the virus from stool samples as well as from throat swabs.
There is no specific treatment for this condition. Barrier nursing may be required to lessen the risk of others being infected and ventilatory support may be required if the viral effects are showing high along the spinal chord.
Vaccination is the single most important measure for preventing Poliomyelitis.
There are two main vaccines used against this disease both of which work very well. One version is given as drops (sometimes on a sugar cube to hide the bitter taste) with the other given by injection. There is a mild risk when the oral version is used that contacts of the vaccinated person may become exposed through faecal exposure. The virus may be excreted in faecal matter for at least 6 weeks following vaccination and so extra care is required to ensure that contamination risk is contained.
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